**Counting in Chinese might seem like a daunting task, but it really is one of the easiest and most rewarding parts of the language.**

One of the first things you will learn in yourMandarin Chinese coursesIt's like counting to ten. Unsurprisingly, this requires a bit of memorization since each number has a different name. But as you might have guessed, things get interesting after ten. DespiteMandarin is considered the most difficult for English speakers to learn, you might be pleasantly surprised that counting over tens and up to billions is actually very easy.

In fact, thanks to the Chinese counting system, you can go from absolute beginner level to almost countable levels in a matter of hours. In fact, counting in Mandarin is so easy for Chinese childrenexceed regularlytheir Western English-speaking counterparts. There are two main reasons why learning to count in Mandarin is easier than you might think:

**The first ten numbers are all monosyllabic.**As you will see, each of the first ten numbers has a very short and easy to remember name.**Numbers above 10 do not have unique names.**Starting with 11, the numbers are just a multiplication and/or addition of the first ten numbers. Even if you're not good at math, it's actually a lot easier than it sounds. Read on and you will see!

Let's start then!

## Why it makes sense to learn the numbers in Mandarin

Spending a few hours learning to count in Chinese can have tremendous benefits. For example, knowing how to count will help you:

**Ask for a certain number of things.**When you go to the supermarket, you can ask for the exact number of fruits and vegetables you want to buy.**Stay away from unlucky numbers.**Luck is a big part of Chinese culture, so there are certain numbers you're dying to avoid!**Make plans!**Knowing the numbers in Chinese will help you tell the time in Chinese and make plans for specific dates. You can celebrate birthdays, schedule drinks, and even reserve dinner!**Learn some jargon.**Yes! you read well Number lingo is very common in China, so learning to count will also help you learn useful Chinese lingo.

So at this point you should be ready to start learning Chinese. So, without further ado, let's dive into how to read and write numbers in Chinese.

## How to read and write numbers in Mandarin

The first thing you should know about reading and writing numbers in Chinese is that there are two ways of representing numbers: with Arabic numerals and with Chinese characters. Just like in English, you can use real numbers or "spell" the numbers by writing their names in letters.

Usually only one or two-digit numbers are written with characters. Years, addresses, telephone numbers and all other large numbers are written with Arabic numerals, as in German. What a relief! You don't have to memorize hundreds of different characters just to learn how to write numbers.

But that is not the case. Even if the years and phone numbers*war*written with characters, you still wouldn't need to memorize more than 11 characters to write any number. The way the writing system is constructed means you don't actually have to remember much. As long as you can do some basic arithmetic (and we mean really*Basic*!), you will get by with just a dozen characters.

Ready to get into it? Let's start counting!

**How to count from 0 to 10 in Chinese**

Counting to ten is absolutely the hardest part of counting in Chinese. Yes, we mean business! Once you've mastered the first ten, it's all about stacking them in different orders. But we'll get to that in a moment! First, let's start with the first ten Mandarin numbers.

number | Mandarin | Pinyin | pronunciation |

0 | Null | Schellfisch | Long |

1 | one | again | mi |

2 | Von | Hm | ahr |

3 | Three | San | stage |

4 | four | And | and |

5 | fiver | wǔ | Focused |

6 | six | Liu | under |

7 | seven | qi | bye |

8 | Ocho | Bah | Bah |

9 | Neun | jiǔ | Mine |

10 | diez | That is | sch |

**How to count from 11 to 99 in Chinese**

We promised you that learning the first ten numbers is the hardest part, and we're not one to break our promises! Here's the good news: If you can already count to 10, then you already have what it takes to count to 100! Beyond 10, you just need to stack your numbers in a certain way to get to 100. Here's a quick formula:

**A × ten (10) + B**

A is multiplied by 10 and then B is added to the result. Let's plug some numbers into our formula:

- (2)
**×**diez (10)**+**3**=**2**×**10**+**3**=**23 (two-ten-three) - (5)
**×**diez (10)**+**5**=**5**×**10**+**5**=**55 (five-ten-five) - 8
**×**diez (10)**+**9**=**8**×**10**+**9**=**89 (eight-ten-nine)

And this is! That's all you'll ever need to know about math, and performing these calculations will become second nature once you start practicing. In fact, you don't even have to do the operations in your head: as long as you remember that the first digit comes first, followed by 十 (*That is*) and then the second digit, everything will be fine.

There are two things to note, and one reason the math formula above is important is that for 11-19 you don't have to say one to ten. Since it's redundant to multiply one by ten, you can omit the one altogether and just say "ten and five" for 15.

The other thing to consider is if the second digit is a zero. With our formula above, you would add a zero, which is redundant. So instead of saying "three-ten-zero" for 30, you can just say "thirteen".

Here is a detailed table of the numbers from 11 to 99. Have a look and you will surely find the counting rhythm in Chinese in no time.

number | Mandarin | Pinyin | pronunciation |

11 | once | he has | see and |

12 | candy | That is | Shih Ahr |

13 | Happen | sch san | Shih Sahn |

14 | catastrophe | and here | Shih |

fifteen | Quits | shí wǔ | Shih woo |

sixteen | sixteen | shí liù | Shih Bajo |

17 | seventeen | That is | Shih-chi |

18 | Eighteen | shí ba | Shih bah |

19 | Night | That is | Shih jeou |

20 | twenty | That is | ah schi |

21 | twenty-one | That is | ah schi |

22 | twenty-two | where is she? | ahr schih ahr |

23 | 23 | That is | ahr shih sahn |

24 | twenty four | and here it is | Oh shit |

25 | twenty five | èr shí wǔ | ah shih woo |

26 | twenty six | èr shí liù | ahr shih bajo |

27 | Twenty-seven | that's all | ah shih chee |

28 | Twenty eight | That is | ahr shih bah |

29 | Twenty-nine | is sì jiǔ | ahr shih jeou |

30 | thirty | san shi | sahn shih |

31 | thirty-one | he has | sahn shih |

32 | thirty two | gripe shí er | sahn shih ahr |

33 | Thirty three | sān shí sān | shah shih sahn |

34 | Thirty-four | and now | Sahn Shih anyway |

35 | thirty-five | sān shí wǔ | sahn shih-woo |

36 | Thirty-six | sān shí liù | sahn shih liow |

37 | thirtyseven | number shī qī | Sahn Shih Chee |

38 | thirtyeight | sān shí bā | Sahn Shih Bah |

39 | thirty nine | sān shī jiǔ | sahn shih jeou |

40 | Fourty | and open | Shih |

41 | Forty one | And that's it | Shih |

42 | forty two | and open it | Shih ahr |

43 | Fourty three | and open it | anyway shih sawn |

44 | forty four | and then again | Shih Shih |

45 | Fourty five | and open it | sih shih woo |

46 | forty six | And and | anyway shih low |

47 | Fourty seven | and open it | verdammt shi chee |

48 | Forty-eight | and this is | Shih bah |

49 | forty nine | si si jiǔ | Shih jeou |

50 | Fifty | wǔ shí | woo shih |

51 | Fifty-one | wǔ shí yī | woo shih |

52 | fifty-two | wǔ shí èr | woo shih ahr |

53 | Fiftythree | wǔ shí sān | woo shih sahn |

54 | Fifty-four | and this is | woo shih sih |

55 | Fifty-five | wǔ shí wǔ | woo shih woo |

56 | fifty six | wǔ shí liù | woo shih liow |

57 | fifty seven | wǔ shí qī | woo shih chee |

58 | fifty eight | wǔ shí bā | Impressive |

59 | fifty nine | wǔ shí jiǔ | woo shih jeou |

60 | sixty | liù shí | Bajo Shih |

61 | sixty one | liù shí yī | Bajo Shih |

62 | Sixty-two | liù shí èr | bajo shih ahr |

63 | Sixty-three | liù shí sān | bajo shih sahn |

64 | sixty-four | liù shí ja | under shih anyway |

Sixty-five | Sixty-five | liù shí wǔ | bajo shih woo |

66 | sixty six | liù shí liù | deep shih deep |

67 | sixty-seven | liù shí qi | Bajo Shih Chee |

68 | Sixty-eight | that's it | Bajo Shih |

69 | sixty-nine | liù shí jiǔ | bajo shih jeou |

70 | seventy | What is that? | bye |

71 | seventy-one | That is | bye |

72 | seventy two | That is | bye ah |

73 | Seventy-three | qī shī san | Bye shih sawn |

74 | seventyfour | and this is | Bye anyway |

75 | Seventyfive | qī shí wǔ | Bye, woo |

76 | Seventy six | qī shí liù | Bye Shih Liow |

77 | seventyseven | What is? | bye Bye |

78 | seventy eight | qī shī bā | bye bye |

79 | seventy nine | qī shí jiǔ | bye bye |

80 | eighty | ba shi | bah ski |

81 | eighty one | That is | bah ski |

82 | Eighty-two | That is | bah shih ahr |

83 | Eightythree | bā shí sān | bah shih sahn |

84 | eighty four | and so | bah ski |

85 | Eighty-five | bā shí wǔ | bah shih woo |

86 | eighty-six | bā shí liù | bah shih bajo |

87 | eighty seven | bā shī qī | bah shih chi |

88 | eightyeight | it is not | bah shih bah |

89 | eighty nine | That is | bah shih jeou |

90 | ninety | jiǔ si | OMG |

91 | ninety one | jiǔ shí yī | OMG |

92 | ninety two | jiǔ shí èr | jeou shih ahr |

93 | ninety three | jiǔ shí sán | jeou shih sahn |

94 | ninety four | jiǔ si si si | We're sorry |

95 | Ninety-five | jiǔ shí wǔ | jeou shih woo |

96 | ninety six | jiǔ shí liù | jeou shih liow |

97 | Ninety-seven | jiǔ shí qī | jeou shih chee |

98 | ninety eight | jiǔ shí bā | jeou shih bah |

99 | ninety nine | jiǔ shí jiǔ | jeou shih jeou |

**How to count from 100 to 1000 in Chinese**

After you learn to count to 99, you move on to the next natural progression. Counting to 100 works the same, except you use 百 (*bǎi*) by 100 instead of 十 (*That is*) to go past a hundred.

See how easy it is to count from 100 to 1000 in Chinese.

number | Mandarin | Pinyin | pronunciation |

100 | one hundred | yi bǎi | to compare |

200 | two hundred | at | oh buy |

300 | three hundred | counting | buy cream |

400 | four hundred | si bǎi | buy it |

500 | fivehundred | wǔ bǎi | wow buy |

600 | sechshundert | liù bǎi | buy little |

700 | sevenhundred | that's all | Compare bye |

800 | Eighthundred | Frau Bi | buy bah |

900 | nine hundred | jiǔ bǎi | Game kaufen |

1000 | Mil | yì qian | yes chir |

**Counting over 1000 in Chinese**

Surely counting millions in Chinese must be extremely difficult. To the right? Not! Counting past 1000 is as easy as counting to 1000. In fact, it can be even easier if you already know the basics!

The only thing to note is that the big numbers are separated by four digits instead of three. For example, in English we count in thousands, millions, billions, trillions, etc. In Chinese, we count in tens of thousands, hundreds of millions, trillions, etc. Just remember that when you write numbers in Arabic numerals, commas still go every three digits , just like in English!

Here is a table on how to count to a trillion in Chinese!

number | Mandarin | Pinyin | pronunciation | English name | Literal translation |

0 | Null | Schellfisch | Long | Null | Null |

10 | diez | That is | sch | Diez | Diez |

100 | one hundred | yi bǎi | bye | One hundred | One hundred |

1000 | Mil | yì qian | yes chir | Mil | Mil |

10.000 | ten thousand | that's all | the one | ten thousand | ten thousand |

100.000 | hundred thousand | shí wan | Shih-Wan | hundred thousand | ten ten thousand |

1.000.000 | a million | yi bǎi wàn | and goodbye Wan | a million | one hundred ten thousand |

10.000.000 | Ten million | yi qian wan | e chian wan | Ten million | thousand ten thousand |

100.000.000 | 100 million | there went | and and | A hundred million | A hundred million |

1.000.000.000 | billion | leaving | ch yeah | billion | ten hundred million |

10.000.000.000 | ten billion | yì bǎi yì | bye yes | ten billion | one hundred million |

100.000.000.000 | hundred billion | and y and | and they cried yes | hundred billion | billion one hundred million |

1.000.000.000.000 | a trillion | yí zhao | we will | a trillion | a trillion |

## How to put it all together

Now that you know the general structure of counting in Chinese, it's time to put it all together. Here are some "hard" numbers that you'll see aren't that hard to put together after all!

number | Mandarin | Pinyin | pronunciation |

387 | three hundred and eighty seven | san bǎi bā shí qī | sahn comprar bah shih chee |

756 | seven hundred and fifty-six | qī bǎi wǔ shí liù | chee comprar woo shih liow |

120 | One hundred and twenty) | yì bǎi èr (shí) | Kompro ahr shih |

566 | five hundred sixty six | wǔ bǎi liù shí liù | woo compare liow shih liow |

803 | 800 3 | bā bǎi líng sān | bah buy leeng cream |

222 | Two hundred and twenty two | èr bǎi èr shí èr | ahr compare ahr shih ahr |

678 | six hundred and seventy eight | liù bǎi qī shí bā | now i buy chee shih bah |

## Chinese number songs

**Number Song by JunyTony**

If learning music is your thing, this catchy and exhausting song will teach you how to count to a hundred. Just listen to this catchy tune a few times and you'll learn to count in Chinese before you know it.

**Multiplication Ninety Nine - Chinese Multiplication Song**

If you want to take things to a whole different level, try the Chinese multiplication song 九九乘法 (*Jiǔ jiǔ chéng fǎ*). Even if you've already learned your multiplication table, this fun song can show you how easy it is to count and do math in Mandarin Chinese!

## Ordinal numbers in Chinese

Now that you've learned the cardinal numbers in Chinese, it won't take you long to figure out how to say the ordinal numbers. All you have to learn is the ordinal word 第 (*to say*) and add it**Before**the number. For example, to make "one" "first", just say 第一 (*Many*). The same goes for the second, third, fourth, tenth, fiftieth, hundredth, etc.!

Here are some example sentences using ordinal numbers in Chinese:

Chino | Mandarin | Pinyin | pronunciation |

this is my first time flying | This is my first time taking a flight. | zhè shì wǒ dì yī cì zuò fēi jī | Click Download to save Zhuh Shih Woh Dee E Tzi Tzuo Fay-Gee mp3 youtube com |

lesson three | the third lesson | Many | dee sahn kuh |

sixteenth person | the sixteenth person | sag shi liù g ren | dee shih liow guh rehn |

fiftieth sentence | The fiftieth sentence | dì wǔ shí jù huaà | dee woo shih joo hua |

## Chinese number jargon

Yes you areLearn mandarin onlineWith us, you know that we like to include real-world applications of the language whenever possible. After all, it's not about reading textbooks and learning to communicate with people!

Therefore, it would be remiss to teach you how to count in Chinese without also mentioning some useful Chinese slang numbers. These are very common in texting, so be sure to check them out if you're following oursTips for learning Chinese charactersand get a Chinese language partner!

number | Sinn | Reason | characters |

886 | bye | Sounds like farewell (let's say goodbye), which is a common form ofsay goodbye in Chinese. | eight eight six |

520 | Loving You | sounds like i love you (wǒ ai nǐ), which means "I love you". | It's five past twenty |

555 | in tears | It sounds like crying. | five five five |

666 | Great! | Six is one of the happiest numbers in Chinese, and its repeated use means "great" or "amazing"! | six six six |

484 | Yes or no? | It sounds like it's not (schu schu schu) meaning yes or no. | four eight four |

1314 | Forever | Sounds like a whole life (yì shēng yī shì), meaning "in life". | 1314 |

233 | Risa | Represents hahaha (four four) which means to laugh. | Two hundred and thirty three |

996 | The working time 996 | Typical working hours at Chinese technology companies, which include work from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. m. to 9 p.m. m. 6 days a week. | nine nine six |

## Frequently asked questions about numbers in Chinese

**What number brings bad luck in China?**

If you are in the United States, you know not to go under a ladder, beware of broken mirrors and avoid the number 666 at all costs. But do you know what to avoid when visiting China?

The most unlucky number in China is the number 4. That's because four 四 (*And*) sounds like 死 (*sǐ*), meaning death. Therefore, the number four in Chinese should be avoided at all costs. This leads to most people avoiding the number four in their phone number or home address!

**What are Chinese Lucky Numbers?**

The lucky number in Chinese is the number 8 八 (*Bah*), since it is associated with wealth and success. It sounds similar to 发 (*bye*) how to get rich (*do that*), meaning "get rich". So if you are looking for riches and fortune, try to incorporate more eights into your life!

Other lucky numbers are 2, 6 and 9. The number two is lucky because all good things are believed to come in pairs. The number 6 is considered lucky because of the Chinese language 六六大顺, which means everything is going well. ! And finally, 9 is considered lucky in Chinese because 九 (*jiǔ*) sounds like 久 (*jiǔ*), meaning "for a long time" or "forever".

**How do you count with one hand in Chinese?**

You probably already know how to count to 5 with one hand, but what about 6-10? So could you include your other hand? Well, in Chinese there is a way to count to 10 with one hand! You should definitely learn this before visiting China as it is a very popular way of counting to ten in daily interactions.

Watch this short video for a quick demonstration of how to count to ten with one hand in Chinese.

**What is the difference between 二 and 两?**

You may have noticed that there are two ways to say two in Chinese: 二 (*Hm*) and two (*Life*). The main difference is that 二 (*Hm*) is generally used in counting or arithmetic, while 两 (*Life*) is used to express "two of" something. say 两 (*Life*) in Chinese is similar to saying "a few of" in English, except that using 两 (*Life*) is not optional. You should 两 (*Life*) whenever two of anything are discussed, including:

- two months (
*liǎng gè yuè*) - two months - I want two (
*wǒ yao liǎng gè*) - I want two - two days (
*ling tian*) - two days

**How do you read the year in Chinese?**

You already know there are special rules for reading years in English (happy three-four!), so what about Chinese? Is it necessary to read the entire issue if a specific year is mentioned? Not! Luckily, reading years in Chinese is extremely easy: you just need to read each digit! There is no need to add up or read together.

All you have to do is add the word "year" to the end of the number: 年 (*Nian*). Here are some examples:

Year | Mandarin | Pinyin | pronunciation |

2023 | 2023 | ér líng ér san nian | ahr leeng ahr sahn niehn |

1997 | 1997 | yī jiǔ jiǔ qī nián | e jiow jiow chee niehn |

1830 | 1830 | yī bā sān líng nián | e bah sahn leeng niehn follows nobody. autodesk_new |

2000 | 2000 | èr líng líng líng nián | ahr leeng leeng leeng niahn |

## It's time to say 88!

And now you know how to count to 100 and beyond in Mandarin Chinese! Learning to count is undoubtedly an important milestone in every language learner's journey, and you should pat yourself on the back when you've achieved it!

Why not complement this lesson with some of our helpful oneschinese items, like ourComplete Guide to Chinese Radicalsand our quick introduction toGreeting in Mandarin? Keep the momentum going!